What is a Biome?
A biome is a geographical area that is very large in size. Each of these geographical areas has certain groups of animals and plants that are present within it. They are able to thrive there due to their ability to adapt in that particular type of environment. The changes in a region such as the climate and the geographic layout affect which biomes are found where in the world. The classifications are plentiful to help break them down.
You will find biomes that fit the classification of grasslands, tundra, forests and deserts. Those are all biomes found on land. However, you will also find numerous geographical areas that contain biomes of that consist of aquatic environments. It is very interesting to explore the different ecosystems that are found within any one biome. They are all dependent on each other in various ways.
As there are changes that occur regarding the climate or the environment of a biome, those plants and animals that live within it can be threatened. This is why so many of them are able to adapt to the changes so that they can continue to survive. Unfortunately though not all of them are always able to adapt in such a manner so they die out.
It is amazing to explore the way in which these biomes affect everything in the environment. When there are too many of any plant or animal they can end up fighting for their survival. If there is too little of any given plant or animal then those that depend on it for food may have a hard time surviving. The circle of life that is part of any biome is very complex. What affects one living thing within it will affect all of them on some level.
That is why it is so important to learn about biomes. Relaxing how human actions can upset the natural balance of things can help with important decisions. There are so many different living things out there. Many of them most of us have very little knowledge of. However, they are just as important as those that are well known. Some of these living things are very large and others are extremely small. However, they are also very dependent on each other.
There are many issues that come into play for a category of biome to be recognized in a given environment. The climate of that location is closely evaluated. There can be many variables that affect the climate. Different seasons and times of the year also bring in new changes for any given environment and climate.
The geographic layout of a particular area is going to affect the biomes that are found there. The vegetation is important to explore. What is fascinating is discovering the types of adaptations that a living plant or animal goes though in order to continue thriving in a given biome. In spite of various changes that occur there, they are able to continue living.
It is very important to understand what these adaptations are. They aren’t just in regards to the physical location of where living things are found either. Instead, they also include the changes in behaviors that occur. Those behaviors are also key indicators for how a living thing is able to adapt.
Since plants and animals are two different entities, it is important to break them down and look at each side of them. These make up the various biomes and they do have to work with each other if they are to survive. The plants often depend on the animals for pollination and the spreading of seeds. The animals often depend on the plants as a source of food.
Most people fail to see the vital importance that plants play in our society. If they were to all die, life on Earth would all die. Plants on the other hand would be able to survive without animal life forms. This is because they have the unique ability to make their own food. Even animals that don’t eat plants depend on them in some format to offer the foods they do consume.
One of the essential elements that all animal life forms need is oxygen. This comes from plant life as well. They need carbon dioxide which they get from the air we exhale. This exchange is a key aspect of how plant and animal life forms are highly dependent upon each other. In order for the natural balance of oxygen, carbon dioxide, and water to remain in place all plants and animals have a very important place on Earth.
Thousands of Species
It may surprise you to learn that there are more than 260,000 different types of plants. They are classified into various biomes based on where they are found, the temperature they need to survive, and a variety of other factors. The fact that many of these plants also allow us to have a variety of medications is one more reason why they are so important to biomes.
Animals are the other sector of the balance within these biomes. All animals are either vertebrates or invertebrates. Some are only one cell organisms and others are very large animals that live on land or water. The small insects all the way to the bigger animals are very important though to their biomes. They each have a detailed role that they play.
It is believed there are approximately 10 million different species of animals in the world. They each have distinct habitat where they live. Some of them span over mountain ranges or the dessert. Others wonder the plains or swim in the oceans. Yet there are also those that are able to reside in just a few drops of water!
Two significant factors that determine the climate in any biome where animals live are the temperature and the amount of rainfall. Competition is also something that has to be considered. Sometimes animals can’t thrive in a given location because there are too many other animals. Other times it is due to a lack of sources they can use for food in that given biome.
The climate plays huge role in biomes as well – both for plants and animals. This is why some areas are distinguished as dessert while others are a rainforest. Climate has all of the control over what will live and grow in any particular biome. The climate in a given area can also change based on the rotation of the Earth. That is why some areas how rainy seasons and other periods of the year are hot and dry.
This is also why we have the different seasons of the year. The Koppen system recognizes five distinct climate types in the world. There are also numerous subgroups that can be further broken down for a given area.
There are lots of environmental changes that can occur that upset the balance of things in a biome. Many of them are natural element that we have no control over. For example when a hurricane or a flood go through an area. When a wildfire occurs in the forest the biomes are upset. What isn’t typically known though is that such events can also alter weather and climate in other areas around the world even though they weren’t directly impacted by the natural event.